Nature Park Velebit
Nature Park Velebit
The Velebit (roughly "Great Being") is a mountain on the Croatian coast. He has been declared a nature park. In mountainous region Velebit Nature Park 1liegen two national parks and close to the town of Gospić state-protected nature park Velebit.
Velebit Nature Park The entire mountain region of Velebit extends from Senj to the Zrmanja River north of Knin at approximately 150 km in length and up to 30 km wide.
In Velebit Nature Park lie to the north of the National Park Northern Velebit and Paklenica National Park in the middle of the massif. Deep gorges and rocky landscapes and its animal and plant life with dense forests characterize the image of the mountain Velebit.
With more than 2,000 square kilometers of the Velebit Nature Park is by far the largest nature reserve area in Croatia, larger than all other protected areas taken together. Within the nature park is a whole range of smaller protected areas, including two national parks Northern Velebit and Paklenica, and the strict reserves Hajdučki and Rožanski kukovi. On this magnificent mountain that in its diversity, unique relief and its rich flora and fauna of the most important in Europe, there is a whole series of natural sights ranking among the highest values Croatia has to offer.
That's why this whole 150 km long mountain is protected and was declared a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve, currently the only one in Croatia. The Velebit forms an air barrier between the Mediterranean climate and the mountain climate inland.
INFORMATION ABOUT Velebit Nature Park
Attractions Velebit Nature Park
The huge nature park has a lot of interesting attractions and outdoor adventures to offer. Building this be through a large network of hiking trails, the most beautiful of them is the 50km long distance footpath Premuziceva staza from which offer terrific views at an altitude of 1,600 meters. The path is expanded fantastic, there are no steep ascents or descents, so that the path is also suitable for less well-trained hikers.
The most beautiful part of the trail leads through the rock formation kukovi Rozanski.
Within the nature park Velebit more protected areas are integrated. The national parks Northern Velebit and Paklenica, nature reserves and Rozanski Hajducki kukovi with its extraordinary karst landforms and the deepest cave in the world, the Lukina jama offer their very own peculiarities.
There is also a botanical garden with informative nature trails, the bay Zavratnica, which is protected as a geomorphological natural phenomena and from which one can enter through different routes in the Velebit mountain range.
The Carovacke Caves, which are considered the most beautiful in Croatia, can be found near Gracac, which lies on the road between Plitvice and Zadar. The two superposed cave formations at the northern foot of the Velebit mountain range impress through spatial sequences and the beautiful, diverse Tropfsteinbehang. A guided tour through the caves takes about 2 - 3 hours.
A special feature of the mountain are the so-called Poljen. The elongated basins act like giant deep boreholes and their inside surfaces provide information about the layers of the mountain massif. Climbing Practiced and courageous hikers not to be a descent into the wells missed.
In the national park Paklenica near the summit of the focus is on the protection of the local fauna. There are opportunities for wintering bears and the nesting places of griffon vultures are protected. About 35 km from Senj is the village Kuterevo. There, the bear refuge Kuterevo was built. Orphaned bear cubs are raised there to the reintroduction. By visiting the all-season retreat to support at the same time its funding.
Climbing enthusiasts will find in the canyon of the National Park Paklenica many climbing routes of varying difficulty. By then stable moderate weather conditions to provide for this to be the best season spring and autumn. In midsummer, it is often very hot, so you have to be sensitive to heat and look for shady walls out. Popular climbing routes can be found directly in the gorge, on the cliff Anica kuk and Veliki Kuk with rather easier routes.
Flora & Fauna
The Adriatic side facing rises imposingly, inhospitable and unwelcoming quasi directly from the sea. Here you will find deep gorges and Velebit Nature Park 64zerklüftete peaks like the 1757 meter high Vaganski Vrh but also countless caves that make the area a mecca for cavers and climbers. There is also real wind tunnels, deeply grooved passes through the typical cold fall wind Bora blows, one gets to feel for example in Senj or on the islands of Rab and Krk - to the delight of many surfers and sailors.
In contrast, the Adriatic side facing away from presenting something gentle and especially green: Dense forests cover the mountains, mixed forest and at higher altitudes coniferous forest. Abundant rainfall provide abundant vegetation, springs emerge and disappear a few meters further back gurgling Elementary. But this abundance not only attracts many hikers and nature lovers, but also many animals and plants: wild flowers and mountain pines grow here, wolves and lynx roam the forests, eagles and the rare griffon vultures command of the skies. In bear refuge Kuterevo bear orphans live up to their reintroduction in the Velebit.
The Velebit Nature Park includes the largest and highest mountain in Croatia and enjoys the status of a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. For biosphere reserve includes two national parks: The National Park Northern Velebit with its numerous caves, climbing rock and the impressive and beautiful Fernwanderweg Premuži eva staza and the National Park Paklenica, literally the "little hell".
In this relatively small national park northeast of the city of Zadar remember the craggy mountains, but especially the Paklenica Canyon in the eyes of many Croats at the entrance to hell, hence their name. The Höllental is also home to many brown bears and lynx, griffon vulture and serpent eagle. Also poisonous reptiles like horn vipers and adders live here in abundance as well as throughout the rest of Velebit - sturdy shoes and a gentle agitation are so for that reason alone compulsory. Caution You should exercise even while hiking or hunting off the well-marked paths: In some areas, there are still sharp antipersonnel mines from the Croatia war. Do not leave the designated routes so best.
With 145 km length of Velebit is the longest of Dinara massif. The width of the Velebit is between 10 to 30 km, the total area about nature park Velebit 4 2200 km2.
The highest peak is the Vaganski Vrh with 1,757 m. Built between 1930 and 1933 summit trail Premuziceva staza leads to a length of 50 km through the northern and central part of the massif.
The Velebit is on the mainland facing east forested mostly tight. On the coastal side the vegetation is mostly sparse. The infamous cold fall wind Bura (ital. Bora) has in this part of the Adriatic originates. Due to its numerous caves of Velebit is a popular destination for cavers. In 2004, the Jama Velebita that the previously deepest discovered vertical direct descent into a cave (513 m) holds, was discovered.
The most important building is the Sveti Rok road tunnel (5,681 m), which connects two climates together: the mountainous climate central Croatia with the Mediterranean climate on the Croatian coast. About the Velebit also lead several road passes.
The endemic Degenia (lat. Degenia velebitica) is a plant of the family Brassicaceae and is considered a symbol of the region. It is mapped to the 50-Lipa coin of the Croatian currency.
Sollte der Panoramablick nicht wiedergegeben werden klicken Sie bitte unter den Panorama Rahmen auf Premužić's mountain trail - 7.
If the panoramic view not play please click under the panorama frame on Premužić's mountain trail -. 7
Nature Park Velebit Map
The easiest way you can find the nature park about Otocac. The city can be reached on the Zagreb-Split highway. Then follow the road to Krasno and finds the administrative building of the Natural Park. For those who prefer road, adheres towards Josipdol and continue to Senj over the Kapela pass. About Rijeka Adriatic Highway southwards to reach Senj.