Nature Park Telascica
Nature Park Telascica
The Telašćica bay is located in the central part of the eastern Adriatic coast, in the southeastern part of the island of Dugi Otok. Due to its exceptional beauty, wealth and importance, this bay was surrounded by 13 islands and islets, and appointed six islands in the bay in 1988 to the Nature Park. Thanks to their extremely valuable fauna, geological and geomorphological phenomena, valuable communities of the seabed and interesting archaeological heritage, it has been given the status of protected areas even in 1980th
The area of the Nature Park Telašćica is rich in contrasts, with calm and quiet, nearby beaches on one side and wild steep cliffs on the other side. It is the area of Aleppo pine and oak trees on one side and the denuded rocky landscape on the other side, with vineyards and olive groves but also the area of degraded forms of flora covering the parched habitats. Three basic phenomena are the characteristics of this area: the unique bay of Telašćica as the safest, most beautiful and largest natural port in the Adriatic with 25 small bays and 69 kilometers of indented coastline, the cliffs of Dugi Otok or the so-called "Stene" viewed up to 161 meters above sea level rise and fall 90 meters in depth, and finally the salt lake "Mir" with healing properties. One of the most beautiful islands is Katina and the most unusual is certainly Taljurić. The total area of the Nature Park is 70.50 km2 and 25.95 km2 on Dugi Otok and neighboring islands, and 44.55 km2 at sea. In the surroundings there are machined meadows and on the hills, a rich Mediterranean vegetation with about 500 plant species and equally rich fauna. The underwater world has more than 300 plant and 300 animal species.
The intrinsic properties of the climate of this region are more than 2500 hours of sunshine a year, the average mean temperature in January is higher than 7 ° C and an annual average higher than 16 ° C. In winter, the sea has about 13 ° C and in summer about 23 ° C. the fact that Telašćica since ancient times was a populated region testify the remains of Roman buildings in Mala Proversa, and a series of pre-Romanesque churches polje especially the Church of St.John in Stivanja.
The fact that it is precisely in this area the beginnings of fishing in Croatia are, bears witness to the first written mention of fishing from the 10th century. In the Nature Park it is possible to go to many interesting places near the cliff diving and walking to places of interest, which you should not miss the view from the lookout Grpašćak. This and many more, attracted and attracts the visitors in the bay Telašćica repeatedly, which belongs as a Nature Park of the Republic of Croatia to a high category of protected areas.
Near the Nature Park Telašćica are three Croatian national parks: National Park Kornati, National Park Paklenica and Krka National Park plus two nature parks; Nature Park Vrana and Velebit.
Nature Park Telašćica is a Croatian Nature Park, at the southern tip of the island of Dugi Otok is located (Croatian for "Long Island"). The nature park is practically an extension of the existing national parks Kornati and among others famous for its high cliffs and the salt lake Mir ("peace"). It is easily reached from the port of Zadar. Once the port of Telašćica was also named Porto Tajer.
The administrative headquarters of the Natural Park is located in Sali on the island of Dugi Otok. The nature park is bordered to the south directly to the Kornati National Park.
Nature Park Telascica Croatia
- Naturpark Telascica Informationen
- Kulturelles Erbe
- Telascica Nature Park Information
- Flora (Medicinal plants / Flora / Marine)
- Fauna (Mammals / Birds / Reptiles / Amphibians / Invertebrates)
- Cultural Heritage
- Getting there
Nature Park Telascica Pictures
Nature Park Telascica Information
The Telašćica bay after which the whole nature park got the name, is located on the southeastern part of the island of Dugi Otok. It is located about 8 km drawn into the country and on its south side at its widest part is they about 1.6 km wide.
This part of the bay, looking to the south-east, is open to neighboring islands Kornati. The bay itself is very indented with 25 bays, capes and 5 islands. Thanks to its location, it is protected from the open sea from the mainland and from the south wind before the gusts of the north-east wind.
Because of these features, Telašćica is one of the largest and best protected natural harbors on the east coast of the Adriatic. The name "Telašćica" probably comes from the Latin name "tre Lagus" which means "three lakes". It consists of three parts which are separated from one another by constrictions. These three parts are Tripuljak, Farfarikulac and Telašćica.
These three bays are actually morphogenetic Karst sinkholes, which under the sea about 10 000 years ago after the last defrosting called Wurm glaciation, arrived. The bottom of the bay is mostly covered with communities of flowering seagrass habitats and rich in species covered which are very important and for many species of fish.
The Lake "Mir" is located in the southwestern part of the Nature Park Telašćica. The lake is located in a narrow area of land between the bay Telašćica and the open sea. After the last Ice Age the sea level rose to about 120 meters, with karst depression had filled with sea invading them through numerous underground columns that are particularly numerous on the north side.
The marine resources are easily recognized during the flood. The length of the lake is about 900 m and it is 300 m wide. The maximum depth is 6 m. The lake is salty because it is connected by underground channels to the sea. The salt content is usually higher than the surrounding sea due to strong evaporation and unity of the lake. In the Lake "Mir" very small changes in sea levels have been noted as the columns that connect the lake with the sea, are of very low permeability. During storms, it depends on the southeastern part of the lake to about Shakers esterification of the sea into the lake. The shore of the lake is mostly flat and rocky with numerous depressions, while a few heaps of sand are noticeable only in the extreme northwestern part. The seabed is rocky in shallow areas and in deeper area is covered with clay and a southeastern part with fine gray silt (Curative mud).
Temperature amplitudes of the lake are very pronounced (in summer to 33 º C and in winter to 5 ° C) and in the lake is warmer than the surrounding sea and colder in winter because of the flatness of the lake. The salinity of the lake is above the average due to evaporation. These extreme conditions are the cause of biological poverty of the lake. Apart from the planktons, there are few species of marine organisms in the lake. These include: algae, goby, mullet, sea bass, various kinds of shells, snails, crabs and a special type of eel can (known locally as "kajman" or "bižat") of up to 3 kg grow.
On the open-sea side of the Telašćica bay, vertical cliffs rise forming the most important rock in the Adriatic, the famous "Stene" of Dugi Otok. The cliffs stretch from Cape Mrzlovica in north-west to the slopes of Veli vrh in the southeast where they achieve a final height of 161 m on Grpašćak. This area has a rich and interesting flora and fauna where you can also see dolphins alongside the cliffs. On the cliffs below sea different corals including the already reduced red coral life. The rocks above the sea are also interesting because of the steep cliffs that Ragusa Knapweed growing and they are the northernmost habitat of the spurge (Euphorbia dendroides) plant. The cliffs are also the nesting of the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) where you can also see the Eleonora's Falcon (Falco eleonorae). Because there is the natural park of a large number of individuals from this species, Telašćica was included on the list of Important Bird Areas (IBA). Two endemic species of land snail also live on the cliffs: Delima edmibrani i Agathylla lamellose. The Delima was edmibrani previously found only within the boundary of the natural park, so can be assumed that it is an endemic species of the park, that is a steno endemic species of the park. The Ragusa Knapweed is a rare endemic species. They are found only in Croatia at some sites with a rare population: in the vicinity of Cavtat and on the central and southern Dalmatian islands. Two subspecies of this kind can be found in the Nature Park Telašćica: Centaurea Ragusina ssp. Ragusina grows on the cliffs and in the bay Cuska Dumboka and Centaurea Ragusina ssp. Lungensis only grows on the steep slopes of the cliffs. Along the rocks in the ocean depths, one finds the gorgonian coral Eunicella cavolinii and Paramuricea clavata, and sponges as Axinella cannabina kind. The seabed of the cliffs at a depth of about 20 m, is from a collection of algae such as Halimeda tuna , Acetabularia acetabulum, Padina pavonica and many other dominates.
In greater depths colonies find the red coral Corallium rubrum, a type which is threatened with extinction. In the area of the cliffs live several species of sea urchin, a large number of different types of fish and crabs.
In the underwater niches of the cliff, in a semi-dark caves live different sponges, cnidarians, coral ....
Interesting - Nature Park Telascica
The bottlenose dolphin - a regular guest of the Nature Park "Telašćica"
The nature park Telašćica offers its visitors, among many other activities, including the possibility of stay in untouched nature. Thus, awareness of the environment and evaluation of the need for the protection of natural beauty in this area arise.
The visitors have also sometimes the unique opportunity to enjoy the company of dolphins within the park. This unrepeatable experience is held by most visitors with cameras and cameras in order to preserve the memory of a beautiful and special day.
The bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is a permanent guest of the outer as well as the inner region of the park. They are the last mammals in the Adriatic. Other types of dolphins and whales stay in this area on a temporary basis. It is estimated that there are 220 individuals of large bottlenose dolphin in the Adriatic.
The dolphins are a protected species in Croatia since 1995, but that is not enough. Without the awareness and know rules of conduct can no written protection rules enough to be efficient: Dolphins may not be pursued and boats must not be sent to them. One should approach them very slowly and keep parallel with its direction of movement and avoid surprising changes of direction and noise intensity. The best would be to make out your engine. In addition to the dolphins only a boat should be in the circle of 100 m and in the circle of 200 m no more than three. When the territory of dolphins read aloud, you should only gradually accelerate and only if the dolphins are about 100 meters away.
Endemic species are organisms that usually live anywhere in the world in specific geographic area and. There are a wide range of endemic species on land and at sea in the Nature Park Telašćica. There are 4 endemic plants such as: aurinia sinuata (alyssum), Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis (Ragusina Knapweed), Corydalis acaulis and Tanacetum cinerariifolium (Dalmatian insect flower). These plants are also strictly protected. There are 59 species of plants in the park are protected by law (Table).
Perhaps the most unusual endemic species in this area is Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis (alyssum), the only on the rocks of Dugi Otok, where they. together with a subgroup of Centaurea Ragusina ssp Ragusina, can be seen.
Two types of endemic land snails from the family of snails with shell can be found on the rocks and these are: Delima edmibrani and Agathylla lamellosa. Delima edmibrani can be found only within the boundaries of the park, so they can be seen as a steno endemic species of the natural park.
Two endemic species of the family of beetles (Carabidae) have been recorded: the type Molops dalmatinus which has only been found in a few places in Croatia and the nature Laemostenos dalmatinus.
In the sea you will find a variety of Mediterranean endemic species like the flowering plant Posidonia oceanica, the noble pen shell Pinna nobilis, the lawn Coral Cladocora caespitosa, soft coral - gorgonian Paramuricea clavata and many other types.
In Croatia there are legal regulations by certain types of organisms are protected ("Regulation on the promulgation of wild species of protected and strictly protected (NN 7/06)). Of all the living organisms in the park, 63 plant species and 135 animal species are protected ,
The number of endangered species is growing by the day. Ecosystems lose stability due to climate change, pollution, invasive species and human activity. To the degree of risk to determine a particular organism and to categorize the species according to their threat, a list, the Red List so-called developed. This list shows which species or subspecies of organisms are in danger of extinction and to what extent and how quickly they are threatened.
Categories of threat, according to the criteria of the World Association for use of the Nature Conservation (IUCN):
- Extinct (EX)
- Regionally extinct (RE)
- Critically Endangered (CR) (very high risk of extinction)
- Endangered (EN) (very high risk the extinction)
- Vulnerable (VU) (high risk of extinction)
- Threatened (NT) (no risk of Aussterbung but soon)
- Not enough data on the species (Data deficient, DD) (not enough information to indicate an efficient estimation of the threat)
The basic regulation provides that all species are to assign during the process of threat assessment in the appropriate category. Positioning of a species in a higher category means an increased risk of Aussterbung. Here is a list of the various groups of plant and animal organisms, which are on the red list of Croatia, and the types of organisms that are protected by law in Croatia.
On the floor of Halhöhle on the island Garmenjak Veli, on the outside of the open sea side of Dugi Otok in a narrow "well" at a depth von24 m was established in 2000 the "carnivorous" sponge "(Asbestopluma hypogea) found (Bakran-Petricioli and Petricioli). this is the second find of this kind in the world. Therefore, the value of such a discovery within the park is especially to emphasize as well the need of the protection and conservation of their habitat.
Sponges are actually as filter and through the filter of seawater take them food (small planktonic organisms - bacteria, diatoms, dinoflagellates) and oxygen.
The body of this small sponge (total length up to 2 cm), the long threads, is on a thin stem and is covered with microscopic hooks-like needles that protrude partially outside the body. The main food of these sponges are small crabs that become entangled between the threads. Since the surface of the body and the threads is very sticky because of the hook needles, the more the cancers are the more they entangle.
After the surprise part follows: the threads are short, migrating cells of sponges and cover the prey and digest it slowly (within 10 days). The sponge returns to its shape and the undigested part of the crab is thrown. So a meal reaches the sponge for a few months. This way of eating is certainly an adaptation to life in the deep sea where food is rare and barely available for sedentary organisms such as sponges.
Flora and fauna
Since ancient times, people have gathered in this area plants with medicinal properties and uses. The discovery of new pharmaceutical properties of plants, traditional medicine is increasingly recognized and used as a complement to modern medicine. The vegetation of the Nature Park Telašćica is rich in wild herbs. Here are some of the most common medical plant species, which are located within the park.
In the area of the Nature Park Telašćica an Inventory of vascular flora was carried out in 2008. The flora of the Nature Park Telašćica consists of 531 species of plants. Of the endemic, which account for only 0.9% of all kind, the subspecies of Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis the protruding species that grows in the bay Cuska Dumboka and on the steep slopes of the cliffs. In the area of the park there are 32 species which are entered into the Red Book of the vascular flora.
The most interesting plant species in the park is a Croatian endemic species of knapweed (Centaurea Ragusina) which appears here with subspecies:
- Centaurea ragusina ssp. ragusina L. - leaves have integral edges
- Centaurea ragusina ssp. lungensis - leaves have integral edge
The subspecies Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis stretches in the park on the cliff top to bottom and appear in two forms:
- Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis Padelini (Ginsb.)
- Centaurea Ragusina ssp. lungensis Baumgartner (Ginsb.)
mentioning Besides the usual coastal species such as oaks, mastic (smrdela) and olive trees, are also some of the less common types of self-Grown Flora as spurge (Euphorbia dendriodes) kositrenica (Ephedra foeminateucrium fruticans) and others. This is the northern limit of growth of milkweed. Of the Adriatic endemic plants can be seen below: campanula pyramidalis (Campanula pyramidalis), knapweed (Centaurea Ragusin) šupaljka (Corydalis acaulis), Lattice beach Lilac (Limonium cancellatu), Dalmatian tornensis (Onosma visianii), sage (Salvia bertolinii) , žednjak (Sedum rohlenae) lastavina (Vincetaxicum croaticum) etc. An interesting feature are 8 species of wild orchids (Cephalantera longifolia, Ophrys bertolonii, O. incubacea, O. lutea, O. Scolopax ssp. cornuta, Orchis quadripunctata, O. tridentate and Serapias parviflora)
The marine flora consists of algae and marine phanerogams. They are a very important part in the ecosystem of the sea. They are responsible for the production of oxygen and they serve as shelter and food for many animals. Depending on the conditions in the sea (depth, temperature, salinity, amount of light ....) to develop various types of algae and marine phanerogams. By research on the biodiversity of the seabed of the Nature Park Telašćica 318 species of algae, of a total of 658 species were found in the eastern Adriatic, and 3 species of marine flowering plants were recorded. The most abundant are the red algae with 199 species, followed by the brown algae with 72 species and the green algae with 47 species. The structure of the flora accumulation depends on the nature of the surface onto which they evolve. On rocky seabed in small depths, one finds a number of algae, while are predominantly found on sandy or muddy seabed marine flowering plants. Many species of algae, the various strains of the algae Cystoseira and red algae are projecting itself, which is a feature of the islands on the open sea in the central Adriatic Sea and the open Mediterranean. The most interesting alga in this area is calcareous alga Goniolithon byssoides which is widespread in the eastern Mediterranean.
In the Adriatic, they are on the north-west boundary of the area but found very rarely. The richest habitat of this alga is at the south-eastern cliffs of Dugi Otok and neighboring stormy islands. The types of algae in shallow sea on the coast of the natural park you can most often find are: Padina pavonica Dictyota dichotoma, Laurentia obtusa, Cystoseira sp, Acetabularia Mediterranean and the marine flowering plants Cymodocea nodosa and Zostera noltii.. In the bay itself, the seagrass meadows are covered with marine phanerogams Posidonia oceanica and Cymodocea nodosa much more significant.
The fauna in the Nature Park Telašćica is very rich and varied. In the area of the park so far 486 species have been recorded. Insects (189 species) and birds (110 species) take a large portion of the total number. Part of registered animal species are endangered and protected by law. The most interesting birds that can be seen in the park are birds of prey. While you walk through the park may make you see the steep cliffs of Dugi Otok facing the open sea. Bats live hidden in the caves and the biggest mammal that can be seen in the park is the mouflon while the snakes are mostly non-toxic.
The famous Dalmatian or coastal Dinaric donkey is a Croatian autochthonous breed. One of the original and de protected species in Croatia and a part of our national culture and- natural heritage. The donkey had always an important place in human life and supported him in daily life. In our region, it is an important part of the tradition and customs. In the past, the donkey was used as a pack animal, and was extremely useful in inaccessible rocky landscape. But today, facilitate the development of modern technology, the daily life, the donkey loses more and more importance and status he had once. People use it less and it will be less and less necessary. On Dugi Otok, as well as in other parts of Croatia, where the tradition of the use of donkeys there, they will leave slowly. The problem occurs where and how to properly accommodate the abandoned donkeys.
For this reason, the Telascica Nature Park has become a shelter for abandoned donkeys on Dugi Otok in the last few years. Here leads and lets the locals their asses. The park is currently inhabited by 14 donkeys, of which 8 males and 6 females. In the last 3 years 3 foals have come to the world. They all move freely in the area of the bay Mir up to the southern end of the island. At most, they remain in the Mir bay and around the lake Mir.
They are accustomed to the proximity of people and it is easy to feed on them. They are very curious and love love sweets, so you can see them in the summer near the lake as they rummage through the contents of the bags, while the owner swim. Be careful if you approach them, though donkeys are tame animals and accustomed to humans, they can also have their bad moments. Enjoy their vicinity, take a picture of them and take good memories from the park.
There are 8 species of bats in the area of Telašćica. During the day, they keep on dark places such as holes in old trees, caves and half-caves. The largest colony was found to Today, which is located in the cave Golubinka with the sea-entrance under the cliffs where about 2000 individual animals of Geoffroy's bat (Myotis emarginatus) live together with about 1,000 individual animals of the Great Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum). A fairly large number of some other species, such as to the European Buldoggfledermaus (Tadarida teniotis) and the gray long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus) were registered.
There are not many other species of mammals on the island of Dugi Otok, including Telašćica. A total of 13 species of mammals have been recorded. Some of them are the house mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Ratus norvegicus), the vole (Microtus arvalis) and the stone marten (Mustela foina). Some time ago, lived on the island and the hare (Lepus europaeus), which is probably now extinct because of the large number of martens on the island. Besides these autochthonous species, there are also mouflon (Ovis musimon) were brought to the island but now naturally live in the pastures in the northern part of the island. During the day, they are found in the forests and scrub, and during the night and in the morning they come to the pasture.
The currently available data indicate that 110 bird species have been registered in Telašćica, even if one believes that one still could register more species here. The most interesting among them are birds of prey. On the cliffs on the open-sea side of the island nesting peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus). Next to him you can also find the Eleonorafalken (Falco eleonorae) see although he only skims this area and nest on Malta. The Lanner Falcon (Falco biarmicus) and the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) can also be seen here. Many sailors fly in flocks over the bay and catch insects in the air; the Alpine Swift (Apus melba) and the Fahlesegler (Apus palidus). The sailors are also different from the locals, as the swifts Ciopa or caparin named and Pallid Swift kosirić or jargić.
At night you can hear on Telašćica shouts of the eagle owl (Bubo bubo). It is our biggest owl that can grow up to 70 cm and the span of their wings is 170 cm.
The White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) on the island of Dugi Otok čobanica (Shepherdess) or čeperinka is called, holds up next sheep, because they, the stay of ticks and other small insects to the sheep, feeds. The robins (Erithacus rubecula), a small songbird with orange red chest and face can also be seen here.
Around the bay are numerous gulls (Larus cachinans - Yellow-legged Gull) to see. In some places on the island he is kakalo called because of its characteristic cries. In addition, can be seen with a long neck as low flying over the sea past and these are the shag on the island of black birds. Two species are found in the area of the park: the shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis) and the Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo).
Very often you can see a bird that flies like an azure-blue arrow, a flash along the coast or across the lake. It is the Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis). This is our only bird with bright blue-green torso and chestnut-red lower body.
Of the amphibians, there are two species of frogs - European tree frog (Hyla arborea) and green toad (Bufo viridis). This is a small number, but it is not surprising, as this area is relatively dry, and these two species tolerate dry conditions.
10 species of reptiles have been counted on the territory of the park to date registered. At the houses you can often the EUROPEAN fingerless Also called House Gecko known (Hemidactylus turcicus) see the Strictly a nocturnal animal is. Only 5 ArTeN were expected of snakes on the island of Dugi Otok: Leopard Snake (Elaphe situla), European Cat Snake (Telescopus falax), Balkan Whip Snake (Coluber gemonensis), Europaische Eidenchsennatter (Malpolon monspessulanus) and grass snake (Natrix Natrix). None of them is toxic to humans. Of the reptiles on the island are there to die lizard man on die common See Can and die While Dalmatian wall lizard and wall lizard die (Podarcis melisellensis and Podarcis sicula) plus the large armored worm (Ophisaurus apodus). The most interesting find of Biological reptiles on Dugi Otok is the stupid eye (Typhlops vermicularis). It is a very rare kind of underground only once to die in Croatia in Sali near the Sightings in 1977th
The invertebrates of the land part of the Nature Park Telašćica If only explored. 339 ArTeN were counted In recent explorations of invertebrates registered 58 day and night butterflies and 16 Dragonflies. Are registered Of the other invertebrates 65 ArTeN of molluscs, 39 types of beetles, 20 species of homoptera (Homoptera), 65 types of bugs (Heteroptera), 16 types of millipedes (Myriapoda), 53 species of spiders (Aranea), 1 Art advertising servant (Opiliones) and 2 ArTeN of scorpions (scorpions) and 4 of ArTeN pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpiones).
Of the land invertebrates hort man in the summer hear cicadas. Located on pine and singing the whole day. In the spring and early summer are numerous butterflies to consider. The most common is the yellow Cleopatra butterfly (Gonepteryx cleopatra).
Kulturelles Erbe - Naturpark Telašćica
Cultural heritage - Nature Park Telašćica
- Archaeological finds
- Sacral buildings
- Natural heritage
- Marine fauna
BURIAL MOUND (HILL GRAB) IN THE REGION CUH
In the wider region of Cuh, you will find a variety of small and large grave mounds. On the hill Gominjak, West of the Cuh region are two large hills and between them in the m
iddle of the hill is another grave mound in an elongated shape. Since ancient times
had shepherds on a hill was a viewpoint of protection from the north wind and from where they could watch their flock of sheep.
Illyrian GRAB IN Cuh
In 1957 an Illyrian grave in the north-western part of the field Cuh was found. It consisted of four vertically positioned plates with lids. The grave was in Northwest - southeast direction oriented. In it was a skeleton in shrunken position found directed to the right side lying with his head to the north. Two spiral bracelets, a decorative needle and fragments of clay pots were found next to it. Based on the items found in the grave, it was found that they came 2 to 5 phase of the Iron Age Liburnian culture or from the 8th to the 5th century.
Kalköfen AND QUARRIES
On the eastern part of the island of Dugi Otok you will find traces of Cairn, known as lime kilns, where fire was used to obtain lime. Many of these piles are found particularly in the wider region of Cuh, in the bay Čušćica on the south-west coast, in the bay south-west of Mala Proversa and many probably disappeared by the cultivation of land. There are numerous traces of limekiln east of the bay Jaz and in the bay Tripuljak.
The existence of limekiln indicates that for the time was a lot of forest in this area, which was used as fuel and wood for fire to get quicklime. Many of these Kalkofen arose from the need for the construction of the Roman Villa Mala Proversa, and then later for structures over a long period in the wider part of north-western Telašćica and also in and around Sali.
In the area of the park there are also old quarries. This is the south-eastern side of the island Veli Garmenjak, the bay Kobiljak at the foot of Ribarska straža and Punta Turčina.
The ruins of a Roman building can be found in the passage Mala Proversa. In 1951, on the side of the cape of the island of Dugi Otok, the foundations of a large building were excavated. The strait Mala Proversa was not navigable in the Roman period, as it was at that time still a narrow isthmus to 1 m above the sea level. At the point, the Romans built a complex of buildings that was probably more than 90 m long. It was of great dimensions with comfort which until then only houses in the major cities have (z. B., bathroom with hot and cold water).
The villa was built in the best period of Roman architecture in Dalmatia in the 1st century. It is assumed that the Romans at this time when the island Dugi Otok, Katina and Kornat were still only a single island, a channel dug attracted (by the Villa), which led to a stronger Seeströmung in both directions and fish , Smaller vessels were able to pass through the channel. It is believed that in the vicinity of the channel a vivarium was (housing in the sea for keeping live fish). At the end of the eighties of the 20th century the passage Mala Proversa was extended and deepened, so that today there is 34 m wide, 4.80 m deep and is about 100 m long.
CHURCH OF ST. ANTONIUS
The small church of St. Anthony Abbot (later the Holy. Anthony of Padua dedicated)) in Dugo Polje originates probably from the earliest Christian times from the 4th or 5th century. It served its purpose until 1844 when it was stripped thoroughly by the famous Haiduke Kutleša. Then it was temporarily abandoned and left without a roof. The residents of Sali built a new church on its ruins in 1913 and dedicated it to St. Anthony of Padua. Every year on the day of the saint on June 13 will be held a solemn mass. Except the solemn mass a procession with the statue of St. Anthony is performed by the church to Lokve in Njarici and back performed.
In the immediate vicinity of the church were Liburnian (Illyrian) graves from 1800. -.. 1000. BC Found.
CHURCH OF St.JOHN
As the number of residents in Tilag getting bigger and the former church of St. Viktor on Citorij was too small, a larger was built on the north-eastern side of the field Stivanja. It was built in 1064 by the nobleman Grubina from Zadar and he donated it to the monastery of St. Grisogonus in Zadar. It is likely that the church, as well as the majority of pre-Romanesque monuments were built on ancient ruins and the name CELLA (in historical documents) what a small monastery means indicates that next to the church other rooms were like an entrance area, of which significant ruins have been found, as well as possibly the ruins of a Roman building.
CHURCH OF HL.VIKTOR ON CITORIJ
The ruins of the church of St. Victor is located on a hill called Citorij, at the southeast end of the mountain Stivanja. It was built on a gentle southern slope of the plateau, 92 meters above sea level overlooking the open sea. In 2008. the Archaeological Museum of Zadar conducted a research of the ruins of the church which resulted in complete clarity about the character of the building. Based on older flooring in the church, and the movable elements (ceramics, Bronze Cross and pieces of glass) and the plan, it was found that the church from the early Christian period, that the second half of the 5th or early 6th century comes. The renovation took place in the late 10th century.
At that time the church was equipped with new furniture made of stone, whose fragments were found in earlier research. The pottery from the Early Bronze Age was discovered at the site, is evidence that at the same place was a grave mound from the Bronze Age before the construction of the church. This church is the oldest sacred building from early Christian times and the inner part of Telašćica got the name of the port of St. Victor.
The inhabitants of this area were concerned with fishing since their arrival in ancient times as they were the rich fishing grounds of Telašćica and the Kornati Islands are available. Fishing allowed them to feed their families and settle in the area. The oldest mention of fishing in Croatia is a document entitled DAROVNICA from the years 986-999, with the noblemen of Zadar gave their right to fish in the islands Molat and Dugi Otok on the monastery of St. Grisogonus in Zadar.. There are documents from the 11th century in which fishermen from Telašćica were mentioned by name. These are our oldest known names of Croatian fishermen.
In Telašćica existed the first organized fishing company in Dalmatia that catch mackerel bubble with trawls at this time. Since the mid-12th century there was a form of giving and sometimes a form of compulsory giving the fish caught on the church in the name of forgiveness for the "sin of fishing on Sundays and public holidays". Fish was caught in a series of bays and various submarine terrain where fishermen could pull their trawls to the coast. Since ancient times, fish species such as bladder mackerel, mackerel, horse mackerel, striped mullet, bream rings, two-banded bream, squid, octopus, common picarel and other fish were caught mainly demersal species.
To avoid misunderstanding in the use of fishing grounds, fishermen had spotted its own regime and system since ancient times. The regime has been set at the beginning of the fishing season by drawing lots. Fishermen have their boats mainly in bays Jaz, Tripuljak and Magrovica kept where today can still find traces of dry-built small pillars and small walls on the coast.
"The sea is a God-given farmland,
the one does not dig,
not plow, fertilize, nor sow,
but only reasonable harvest ".
The characteristics of the Mediterranean climate are presented in the meteorological indicators obtained on the basis of monitoring of climatic parameters.
The Annual course of air temperature has distinct maritime features out with relatively pleasant average temperatures in January (6.4 ° and 7.1 ° C) and July (24.1 ° C) with relatively low annual amplitude (17.7 ° and 17.0 ° C). Temperature extremes are in July and January. On average, there are a total of 12 days per year on which the temperature rises above 30 ° C.
The Annual number of days with rain is very small, only 87, which is very important in terms of the number of visitors in the park (in Zadar, z. B. 111 days). The lack of rain during the summer months, as well as the considerable annual fluctuations resulted in development of a vegetation that could withstand such conditions. The Annual Wind curve shows the repetition frequency of winds from the NO (17%), northwest (15%), and the SO-quadrant (14%), that is Bora, Northwind (sea breeze) and sirocco.
Telašćica is a bay on the south-eastern part of the island of Dugi Otok. It is 8200 m long and 150-1500 meters wide with a gestammten coast Langen of 68.78 km. Within the bay there are 5 small islands, one cliff and 25 small coves. Differentiated forms of coastal relief inside the bay (numerous capes, islands, narrow passages, bays with predominantly rocky coast) with three parts which are separated by narrow and shallow passages, they form unusual natural phenomenon.
The Nature Park is bounded on the north-western and north-eastern side with scenic identical shapes, alternating karst peaks and levels in the range of Sali, Zaglav and Žman and the rock of Dugi Otok. This is the largest and most famous rock on the Adriatic coast, and makes an explicit contrast to the gentle coves of Telašćica bay itself. The rock stretches from Cape Mrzlovica in north-west to the steep slopes of Veli vrh in the south-east, where it reaches a height of 161 m on Grpašćak. In south-west is the open sea, south-east is the area of the Park Kornati and to the east is the Žut part of the Kornati islands with a part of the waters of Srednji kanal.
On the open sea belong to the natural park the archipelago Garmenjak, Sestrica and the island of Mala Aba, and in the range of Luka Proversa the extremely attractive waters at the entrance to the National Park Kornati, the island group Buča and Gornje Abe.
The park stretches from sea level to a maximum height on mallen Mrzlovica (198 m), Brčastac (198, 5 m) and Čelinjak (198, 5 m). The maximum depth reaches 85 m.
The Telašćica bay consists of three parts that look like three lakes that are divided from each other by constrictions and that the bay got its name (Latin tri Lagus -. Three lakes, therefore Telagus and then later Telašćica). Seen Morphogenisch, these three bays are actually karst sinkholes which came with the rest of the Adriatic region after the last Würm Ice Age from underwater in the last 10,000 years. Rocks of the lower and upper Cretaceous represented mainly by the Dolomites and dolomitic limestone are the geological foundations of the Natural Park "Telašćica". Dolomites of the Alb-Cenomanian, the transition from the lower to upper Cretaceous, are the oldest sediments and they capture the north-western part of the park (Brčastac, Gominjak, Čecelinjak, Gladuše). Dolomites of Alb-Cenomans be followed with continuity of limestone and dolomite of the Cenomanian-Turonian time in exchange. They are structurally positioned, particularly in the part of the anticline on Dugi Otok, whose core is represented by older dolomites and they cover the area on the route of Magrovica - Stražice - Ozdven-V. Dočić and the Coast Range in the range Mavra. A separate, parallel zone which continues from the northwest, extending along the coast of Mrzlovica over the mountain and Stivanja Grpašćak to Prisika. Within this zone, is also the largest part of the cliff.
Most of the surface of the park is covered with Turon-Senon sediments, especially with biogenic limestone, which is also the structural part of the fold of the anticline.
Estimated depth of lower Cretaceous sediments is over 200 m, the Cenomanian-Turonian about 350 m and Turon-Senon biogenic limestone about 600 m. In terms of space, these sediments collect most of the coastal stretch of Telašćica, the area of the peninsula from Prisika to cape Vidilica, all small islands in Telašćica in Proversa and Tajero that broader zone of Dugonjive, Cuh and other , Of the younger sediments Paleogene does not happen only Quaternary sediments of red soil (terra rossa). These fine-grained sediments, caused by hydro-chemical processes on the basis of carbonate, have been deposited in relief niche as a solid material in several meters thick layers and are also the most important in the fields (Cuh, Dugonjiva, Krševo, Dugo, Arnjevo, Stivanje, Gmajno and the rest).
In the sea of the Nature Park Telašćica 58 species were of sponges (Porifera), 46 species of cnidarians (Cnidaria), 1 type of chitons (Polyplacophora), 66 species of snails (Gastropoda), 48 mussel species (Bivalvia), 3 types of cephalopods (Cephalopoda), 1 species of hedgehog worms (Echiuroidea), 35 species of tube worms (Polychaeta), 37 crustaceans (Crustacea), 39 species of bryozoans (Bryozoa), 24 species of echinoderms (Echinodermata), 16 species of tunicates (Tunicata) 92 species of bony fish (Osteichthyes) and 3 types of cartilaginous fish (Chondrichtyes) registered.
The many attractive diving localities draw attention to itself by variety of colors and the richness of different plant and animal species. That is also what makes this place very interesting. There are many sea caves on the seabed, some of which have impressive entrances under the sea. They are habitats for other rare species, like carnivorous sponge. Aside from that, in rock crevices lives the red coral, a type which formerly was much more common in the Adriatic, but due to its slow growth and overfishing it is very rare today. Beautiful stone corals grow in accumulations in the bay Telašćica.
The most common fish in the bay is the two-banded bream, even though other fishes are numerous of individuals also in type and number. Large marine fish, such as tuna and bonito, can also enter the bay, so fishermen have in earlier times of a hill, called Fischer-guard, observe whether tunas are in the bay and then the bay closed down with large networks, so that the fish for a long time staying in the bay.
The bottlenose dolphin is the only marine mammal that can be seen in this area. In winter you can see groups of dolphins next to the rocks to see swimming and some know how to get to the bay. The Mediterranean monk seal once lived here.
Reptiles are usually represented in the sea only by turtles and in the Adriatic can be found 3 types of turtles. In the nature reserve only one kind was discovered, the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta).
To date, 407 fish species have been recorded in the Adriatic Sea, but it is believed that the number is even greater. Two groups differ: the bony fishes (Osteichthyes) and Knorpelifische (Chondrichtyes). Osteichthyes have their skeleton built of bones while the skeleton of Chondrichtyes is built only of cartilage. Fish have well-developed sense of hearing, smell and sight. The most common fish that can be seen are: Schriftbarsch (Serranus Scriba), Salema porgy (Sarpa Salpa), Two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris), damselfish (Chromis chromis), rainbow wrasse (Coris julis) ...
Schriftbarsch (Serranus Scriba) is a common type in the Adriatic lives on the seabed covered with algae and marine phanerogams. It feeds on smaller fish, crustaceans and molluscs. This species has developed male and female sex organs.
Salema porgy (Sarpa Salpa) is characterized by an elongated gold stripes. The young fish feed on crustaceans and algae and older fish feed on algae. It is interesting that this type of fish their sex changes, depending on the size. At first they are male and when they reach a certain size, they change their sex to female.
Diplodus vulgaris (Diplodus vulgaris) has a distinctive black ring at the end of the tail and a black spot on top of the back. It feeds on small crustaceans, molluscs and sometimes algae.
Damselfish (Chromis chromis) is chestnut-colored dark with dark elongated strip. Small fish of this type may even be blue-violet. Young fish live in shady areas. It is interesting that it is the males that preserve the fish roe and with their fins about swinging to keep strangers away.
Rainbow wrasse (Coris julis). There is a big difference in appearance between males and females of this species. Male fish have more cheerful colors and a beautiful ornament. They also have an orange stripe on the side. At night or when they are afraid they can buried in the substrate.
Seahorse (Hippocampus sp.). This unusual species is protected by law and they may not be caught. They live between algae and meadows of Meeresblühender plants to which they hold on to their tails. It is typical of this type that the females lay their eggs in a special pocket on the belly of the little man and he protects them until they fully develop until the "birth".
Cnidaria are all well-known animals such as sea anemones, corals, sea fans ...
To cnidaria belong corals, Scyphoza (known to us as jelly fish) and Hydrozoa. Their development phases have two forms: polyp and jellyfish. Polyps are attached to the seabed and represent the asexual phase of the development cycle and the jellyfish is the mobile floating sexual phase. A feature of the nettle animal is that they (the so-called Cnidocyste) have special cells that have Nettle yarn in itself. This nettle yarn is ejected for fixing of animals, for the defense, paralysis, killing and catching of prey. For this reason most of these animals burn us when we touch them.
- Eunicella cavolinii
- Paramuricea clavata
- Crveni Koralj - Corallium rubrum
- Žarnjak - Parazoanthus axinelle
Wax Rose (Anemonia sulcata). This brown-colored cnidarian, lives in the region below the low-tide line and can be used as food.
Purple Rose (Actinia equine) lives on the coast under the influence of the tides. It is colored red and feeds on plankton.
Grass coral (Cladocora caespitosa) is the only coral in the Adriatic which can form a coral reef. It builds thicket-like accumulations that can be up to 50 cm tall.
Echinoderms are a specific group of organisms because they are only found in the sea and have no land relatives. This group of organisms include sea urchins, sea cucumbers, starfish and brittle stars. In adult stage all of them live on the seabed and as larvae they float in a sea column. Their common feature is that they have spines.
The sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus and Arbacia lixula are very similar, but can be very different according to color, because the Paracentrotus lividus dark violet to brown and may be A. lixula black. They live on the rocky seabed and feed on algae. In areas where they feed on algae, they could leave a completely naked stone. They use their spines to move forward and in defense. On the seabed, in the field of rock, lives the deep sea urchins Cidaris cidaris.
Sea cucumber (Holothuria tubulosa) feeds on organic matter from the sediment. In case of danger it defends itself can regenerate them by ejecting its digestive.
Mollusks are a very heterogeneous group of organisms and the best known are: snails, cephalopods, clams and chitons. Many shells have a solid shell or shell that protects their soft body, while some of them this firm part remained trapped inside the body and is used to strengthen the structure of the body.
Topshell (Monodonta turbinata). This snail lives on the rocks, in the territory of the tides and feeds on algae and detritus. During low tide, its shell is airtight with a cover, so they do not remain without water.
Limpet (Patella sp.) This snail lives on the rocks, in the territory of the tides and feeds on algae. During low tide, it keeps up with feet firmly on the ground. You can the vibrations of the enemy who feel closer and then she holds on to the floor.
Ton (Tonna galea) feeds on echinoderms and other molluscs, such that it triggers the release of their salivary glands, a sulfuric acid of 4% which dissolves the shells of their prey. It is a very important predator of the ecosystem in which it lives. The shell of this type has a ton-like shape, it is very large and relatively fragile. They can grow up to 30 cm tall, so that the screw tons is one of the largest snails in the Adriatic. Due to the attractive appearance and its size, it is often fished and sold as souvenirs. The number of these worm decreases in recent years more and more. Since 1994 tonnes snail is strictly protected by law!
Hiking Fadenschnecke (Cratena Peregrina) lives at depths up to 10 meters. She lives as a larva to a year and in the adult stage, they survived a month or two multiplies and then dies to them.
Octopus (Octopus vulgaris) belongs to a group of cephalopods. He has 8 legs between which its mouth is with a parrot-like beak. It feeds on crabs, clams and fish. The octopus is a master of camouflage. He has a very well developed nervous system that allows him a quick change of pigmentation and the color of the body to adapt to the environment to be less conspicuous. If he is attacked, he blaspheme a black ink free and thus, at least for a short time, he confused the enemy.
Chiton (Chiton olivaceus) is a thorn mollusc that lives on rocks in the area of the tides. It feeds on algae and other organisms from the rocks on which it lives.
Sponges are the most primitive multicellular organisms with very simple body organization. Your body is made of a plurality of holes, pores and channels through which the water comes through. By filtration of the water, the sponge gets the necessary nutrients and oxygen.
The Goldschwamm (Aplysina aerophoba). He got this name because its color changes when it is taken out of the sea.
White Gitterkalkschwamm (Clathrina sp.). He is a sponge favoring the shaded areas such as cracks in the rocks.
Most crabs have their bodies protected with shells. There are sensors on the head as smell and touch. Many species have well-developed eyes.
Chtamallus stellatus - The body is in a shell that is fixed permanently in one place. He lives on the rocks at the bottom of vessels and on larger animals. It feeds on plankton by filtration of the sea.
Rennkrabe (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) lives in the territory of the tides. It is olive-green colored with darker horizontal stripes.
Yellow Krabe (Eriphia verrucosa) lives in the field of high and low tide between the cracks covered by small algae. They spawn in the spring and summer.
Your body is divided into rings and many of them have to use extensions on each ring to them for swimming or movement on the seabed. Some build tunnels in the sand.
Sabella Spallanzanii (Sabella Spallanzani) has a tube-like house, colorful gills like feathers look with interchangeable brown rings of pigments.
Peacock worm (Sabella pavonina) also has a tube-like house and its gills and tentacles have the shape of a plume.
Telascica Nature Park Video
Nature Park Telascica Map
Telascica Nature Park Arrival
With the nature park Telašćica 55.5% consists of the sea, the easiest way to reach the park by boat. The area of the park you can reach with your own or a rented boat, or arrange in the organization of the many mail order and / or travel agencies, the excursions in the area of the park. have detailed information on the ships and / or travel agencies, authorized to work in the area of Natural Park "Telašćica", can be found in the offices of the Public Institution in Sali.
If you come from the country, the easiest way to reach the nature park from the town of Sali, which is also the closest to the park. You can reach Sali by direct ferry connections from Zadar (www.jadrolinija.hr) or take the ferry to the place Brbinj on the northern side of Dugi Otok and then by car to Telašćica. Zadar is connected to major cities in Croatia and Europe by a number of aircraft, ship and bus lines.
- The anchorages within the park are located in bays that are suitable for this purpose: Magrovica, Podugopolje, Pasjak, Jaz, Kruševica, Mir, Tripuljak, Buhaj, Pod Katina.
- Buoys for the connection of the ships that are in these bays: Mir, Tripuljak, Kruševica and Kučinmul.
- The mooring buoys is free.
- The creation during the day is recommended.
- This device does not accept responsibility for the ship while it is on the jetty.
- The main shipping routes of the central channel to the open sea is through the passage Mala Proversa, which is marked with maritime signaling (red and green lights).
- Areas for sport and recreation on the water:
- Zone 1: Gozdenja Bay, Mala Kamenišna bay and Vela Kamenišna Bay
- Zone 2: Buhaj bay Bok Bay (Pećina) and Strižna Bay
There are several restaurants in the area of the natural park where you can taste traditional fish and meat specialties. The restaurants are located in the bays Mir, Magrovica and on the island Katina, in the passage Mala Proversa and the bay Vela Proversa.
There is the possibility of Robinson tourism in rented built on traditional way houses and the rental of small boats, bicycles and scooters.
There are a certain number of small stone houses in private ownership located in the territory of the nature park. It is possible to spend your stay in a situated on the natural park of these houses or in hotel in Sali that closest. Visitors want to rent one of these houses, which can do in Sali on one of the travel agencies.
Anchoring and overnight on the ship is only in the bays in the area of the natural park permitted (see Standards in Nature Park "Telašćica").
In the area of the natural park camping is strictly prohibited.
What you should look at:
- Leuchtturm auf der Insel Vela Sestrica
- Das Kliff Taljurić
- Die Insel Katina
- Strand Lojišće
- Strand Čušćica
- Bucht Čuška dumboka
- Salzsee Mir (im Meer)
- Römische villa rustica in der Passage Mala Proversa
- Höhle Golubinka am offenem Meer
- Kirche des Hl.Antonius in Dugo polje
- Aussichtspunkt Veli vrh
- Kirche des Hl. Johannes in Stivanje polje
- Kirche des Hl.Victor auf Citorij
- Karst Felder und Olivenhaine
- Aussichtspunkt Grpašćak
- Illyrische Grabhügel auf Gominjak
- Asyl für Esel
- Lighthouse on the island Vela Sestrica
- The cliff Taljurić
- The island Katina
- beach Lojišće
- beach Čušćica
- Bay Cuska Dumboka
- Salt lake Mir (in the sea)
- Roman villa rustica in the passage Mala Proversa
- Cave Golubinka the Open Sea
- Polje Church of St. Antony in Dugo
- Lookout Veli vrh
- Polje Church of St. John in Stivanje
- Church of Hl.Victor on Citorij
- Karst fields and olive groves
- Lookout Grpašćak
- Illyrian grave mound on Gominjak
- Sanctuary for donkeys
- Water and leisure activities
- Autonomous diving
- To go biking
Sali is the administrative center of the island. In Sali there is a doctor's surgery and dental surgery. There is a post office, tobacconist and agency for boat tickets.
Visitors to the park can be supplied with food in Sali and other surrounding places
During the summer season, it is possible and necessary food supply on ships -shops to buy the drive from time to time through the park
Most restaurants (taverns) in the Park are only open during the summer season
Food and other food you can not buy in the park out of season
The nearest doctor's office where you can receive medical care, is in Sali and Zman (Long Iceland) and in Murter (Island Murter)
The nearest hospital is in Zadar
The nearest hospital specializing in the care of injured divers is located in Split
For more information, brochures, maps, licenses, publications, etc., can be found in the bay Mir on Grpašćak in the park (in summer) or the public institution Nature Park "Telašćica" in Sali (all year). The park is open for visiting throughout the year